how to organize a university essay

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You may think that your students are only interested in fiction readingbut the truth is that children are fascinated by the world around them. Studies have long touted the benefits of teaching students how to read nonfiction. Nonfiction text helps students develop background knowledgewhich in turn assists them as they encounter more difficult reading throughout their school years. Nonfiction can also help students learn to read text features not often found in works of fiction, including headings, graphs, and charts. Students used to rely on nonfiction non fiction book report activities for research projects from science to art. With the rise of digital sources, many students choose to simply do their research online.

How to organize a university essay senior sales engineer resume

How to organize a university essay

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Deciding what information belongs together, what should come first, second, etc. And these judgments can be hard to make. The organization of material will vary somewhat depending on the type of essay—its subject, whether it's a research or personal essay, how long it will be, etc. However, there are certain features which appear consistently in most types of expository writing and which can be followed as general guides for organizing essays.

Most essays, and many other kinds of writing, are divided into three basic sections: the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. Although the length and number of paragraphs for each section may vary widely from essay to essay, these three sections are relatively consistent in terms of purpose and the kinds of information they include. An introductory paragraph may be shaped in a number of different ways, but one common shape is frequently used.

Called the "funnel shape" because it goes from wide to narrow, this type of introduction looks like this:. The thesis statement is always a statement of the most important point—the idea that the essay seeks to demonstrate or argue. It is a commitment that everything to follow will support that point of view.

Some writers include in the thesis a preview of the main supporting points their essay will develop; others don't. Example of a Thesis with Preview: Until society recognizes the necessity of supporting working parents, and unless the attitudes of employers change, women will always face an uphill battle in successfully combining family and career responsibilities.

Example of a Thesis without Preview: Women in the workplace face unfair pressures and attitudes that create difficult, perhaps even insurmountable, challenges. Beginning writers often find that including a preview in their thesis helps them stay on track as they develop each support paragraph. Use whichever version works best for you—as long as your thesis announces exactly where you stand. Whether you preview your supporting points in your thesis or not, be sure to express the supporting points clearly in subsequent paragraphs.

The body section expands, develops, and supports the central idea or thesis set forth in the introduction. The body of the essay is the writer's discussion of the subject, issues, and points presented in the introduction, developed through examples, explanations, details, and supporting arguments. The length of the body section will depend on the number of subpoints, examples, or supporting arguments you will use.

It will probably be divided into several paragraphs, each with its own main idea, related to the central idea or thesis. And like the essay overall, each supporting paragraph should be unified, developed, and coherent. The conclusion brings the essay to a close.

It may restate the thesis or summarize the main points of the argument, but it probably shouldn't merely repeat language that has already been used. The conclusion may reflect on the importance of the subject in a wider context, or it may suggest some action, or even pose a further question. A conclusion may include any final thoughts stemming from the subject of a paper, but it should not raise any new points or arguments. In the framework for the basic essay, each paragraph in the body of the essay is controlled by its own topic statement, which focuses on one aspect of the thesis.

In other words, the thesis is the main idea and each topic statement treats one part of the main idea, as diagramed below:. Many types of writing follow some version of the basic shape described above. This shape is most obvious in the form of the traditional five-paragraph essay: a model for college writing in which the writer argues his or her viewpoint thesis on a topic and uses three reasons or subtopics to support that position. In the five-paragraph model, as illustrated below, the introductory paragraph mentions the three main points or subtopics, and each body paragraph begins with a topic sentence dealing with one of those main points.

Throughout history, population growth has proceeded at a rather leisurely pace, from approximately million people in A. Within the past years, however, our numbers have increased dramatically, doubling in ever-shortening cycles, so that by , world population stood at 2 billion and a brief 48 years later, at over 4 billion. The consequences of this accelerating population growth can already be seen, and will be even more devastating in the future. If this kind of growth continues, it will result in worldwide starvation, destruction of the environment, and literally, no room to breathe.

If population growth continues at its present rate, it will put enormous pressure on world food supplies, making it difficult, if not impossible, to avoid hunger and starvation on a massive scale. Despite all the triumphs of agriculture in the twentieth century, population growth is outstripping the gains in food production. If all the food in the world were equally distributed with each person receiving the same share, we would all be undernourished.

The probability of accomplishing such goals is not high, given the vagaries of weather and the difficulty of raising sufficient capital to finance such efforts. In addition to food shortages, rapid population growth will increase the contamination of the environment. The air over many large cities has become a grayish haze because of automobile exhaust and industrial pollutants; and as population grows, so will the number of automobiles and factories.

And pollution of our water and land grows apace. Find Out More. Recent Posts. EssayEdge customers and authorized clients can leave a comment. Please register to leave a comment. Leave a Comment Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Name Email CustomerId.

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However, by outlining the body of your paper, you can ensure that rest of your essay directly reflects and supports your thesis. An outline consists of points that connect the body of the essay to the thesis. On a separate piece of paper, write out the major points that you feel logically support your thesis.

My rough outline would look like this:. First, you need to tackle the final step in the essay preparation process: a topic outline. A topic outline is built around your rough outline. Start by relisting the supporting points of your thesis and label each point with a roman numeral.

Golden retriever attacks are some of the rarest, statistically. Golden retrievers are successful show dogs. Golden retrievers are intelligent dogs. Statistically, golden retrievers are some of the most common purebred dogs in America. Female golden retrievers have larger litters than most purebreds.

Organizing after drafting occurs when an essay is organized from ideas already developed in a rough essay. For some writers, developing an organized essay from a disorganized one produces the most creative results. You might have already developed one or have a good idea of the main argument in your essay.

Begin writing your final draft by picking or creating one sentence that directly reflects the main point of your essay. A strong thesis helps you organize your essay, and it also helps your reader to understand your argument. The next step in organizing your essay is creating body paragraphs to support your thesis.

Use your rough draft to help you discover your outline. Start by relisting the supporting points of your thesis and label each point with a Roman numeral. Please log in again. The login page will open in a new tab. After logging in you can close it and return to this page.

Visit Apply Give. The body section expands, develops, and supports the central idea or thesis set forth in the introduction. The body of the essay is the writer's discussion of the subject, issues, and points presented in the introduction, developed through examples, explanations, details, and supporting arguments. The length of the body section will depend on the number of subpoints, examples, or supporting arguments you will use. It will probably be divided into several paragraphs, each with its own main idea, related to the central idea or thesis.

And like the essay overall, each supporting paragraph should be unified, developed, and coherent. The conclusion brings the essay to a close. It may restate the thesis or summarize the main points of the argument, but it probably shouldn't merely repeat language that has already been used.

The conclusion may reflect on the importance of the subject in a wider context, or it may suggest some action, or even pose a further question. A conclusion may include any final thoughts stemming from the subject of a paper, but it should not raise any new points or arguments. In the framework for the basic essay, each paragraph in the body of the essay is controlled by its own topic statement, which focuses on one aspect of the thesis.

In other words, the thesis is the main idea and each topic statement treats one part of the main idea, as diagramed below:. Many types of writing follow some version of the basic shape described above. This shape is most obvious in the form of the traditional five-paragraph essay: a model for college writing in which the writer argues his or her viewpoint thesis on a topic and uses three reasons or subtopics to support that position.

In the five-paragraph model, as illustrated below, the introductory paragraph mentions the three main points or subtopics, and each body paragraph begins with a topic sentence dealing with one of those main points. Throughout history, population growth has proceeded at a rather leisurely pace, from approximately million people in A. Within the past years, however, our numbers have increased dramatically, doubling in ever-shortening cycles, so that by , world population stood at 2 billion and a brief 48 years later, at over 4 billion.

The consequences of this accelerating population growth can already be seen, and will be even more devastating in the future. If this kind of growth continues, it will result in worldwide starvation, destruction of the environment, and literally, no room to breathe. If population growth continues at its present rate, it will put enormous pressure on world food supplies, making it difficult, if not impossible, to avoid hunger and starvation on a massive scale.

Despite all the triumphs of agriculture in the twentieth century, population growth is outstripping the gains in food production. If all the food in the world were equally distributed with each person receiving the same share, we would all be undernourished. The probability of accomplishing such goals is not high, given the vagaries of weather and the difficulty of raising sufficient capital to finance such efforts.

In addition to food shortages, rapid population growth will increase the contamination of the environment. The air over many large cities has become a grayish haze because of automobile exhaust and industrial pollutants; and as population grows, so will the number of automobiles and factories. And pollution of our water and land grows apace. Monstrous oil tankers now spill millions of gallons of oil into the oceans each year, factories and municipalities pour chemical and human waste into rivers, lakes, and streams.

Destruction of the land will increase as it becomes covered with asphalt for more roads and highways, as it becomes despoiled by giant strip-mining machines in search of more coal, and as its natural vegetation is removed to make room for more houses and refuse dumping sites. The solution to hunger and famine obviously depends on the intelligent use of the land. If we do not cherish and protect it, it will not support our current population, to say nothing of billions more.

People also have a need for space, for room to live and play. Though we might be able to feed, clothe, and house more billions, we cannot create more space for them; and limitations of space will create serious psychological problems for humanity. The more people are jammed together, the more hostile and irrational they become. Such irrationality is evidenced in the higher crime rates, the more frequently disrupted public services, and the general impersonality and lack of community in large cities.

And people need recreational space too, especially if they live and work in cramped quarters. Yet, recreational areas—beaches, camping grounds, national parks, etc. What will conditions be like when the world population reaches 8 or 9 billion? To sum up, unchecked population growth is not merely an annoying problem exaggerated by pessimists who always worry about the future.

It is, on the contrary, the most serious problem humanity faces today. Hunger and starvation, environmental destruction, and increasing human tensions and irritability—these are the certain results if we are not able to solve it. Remember, this is a very simplistic model. It presents a basic idea of essay organization and may certainly be helpful in learning to structure an argument, but it should not be followed religiously as an ideal form.

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